Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation

NSS REPORT: TIME USE IN INDIA- 2019 (JANUARY – DECEMBER 2019)

Posted On: 29 SEP 2020 4:13PM by PIB Delhi

A. Introduction

Time Use Survey (TUS) provides a framework for measuring time dispositions by the population on different activities. It is an important source of information about the activities that are performed by the population and the time duration for which such activities are performed. One distinguishing feature of Time Use Survey from other household surveys is that it can capture time disposition on different aspects of human activities, be it paid, unpaid or other activities with such details which is not possible in other surveys.

The primary objective of Time Use Survey (TUS) is to measure participation of men and women in paid and unpaid activities. TUS is an important source of information on the time spent in unpaid caregiving activities, volunteer work, unpaid domestic service producing activities of the household members. It also provides information on time spent on learning, socializing, leisure activities, self-care activities, etc., by the household members.

National Statistical Office (NSO) conducted the first Time Use Survey in India during January – December 2019. The survey measures the participation rate and time spent on paid activities, care activities, unpaid activities, etc.

B. Features of the Survey

1. Coverage: This survey covered 1,38,799 households (rural: 82,897 and urban: 55,902). Information on time use was collected from each member of age 6 years and above of the selected households. This survey enumerated 4,47,250 persons of age 6 years and above (rural: 2,73,195 and urban:1,74,055).

2. Data collection: In this survey data on time use was collected through personal interview method. Information on time use was collected covering a period of 24 hours starting from 4:00 A.M. on the day before the date of interview to 4:00 A.M. on the day of interview

3. Presentation of the estimates: The results have been presented here considering all the activities in the time slots instead of considering only the major activity.However the Report on Time Use in India-2019 alsocontains estimates considering only the major activities in the time slots. The results are presented for persons of age 6 years and above. The key indicators of time use survey arecalculated as follows:

  • Participation rate in a day in any activity is calculated as the percentage of persons performing that activity during the day.

 

  • Average time spent in a day per participant for any activity is calculated by considering those who participated in the activity. Estimates of average time in a day in different activities derived by considering only the participants in the activities are referred to asaverage time spent in a day per participant.

 

  • Average time spent in a day per person for any activity is calculated by considering all the persons irrespective of whether they participated in the activity or not. By this approach, distribution of total time of 1440 minutes of a day per person in different activities is derived.

 

  1. The key findings of the survey are given in the statements annexed while the report and the unit level data both are accessible at https://mospi.gov.in.

Annexure

Key Findings of the Survey

 

Table 1: Percentage of persons of age 6 years and above participating in different activities in a day

all-India

Description of the activity

rural

urban

rural+urban

male

female

person

male

female

person

male

female

person

Employment and related activities

56.1

19.2

37.9

59.8

16.7

38.9

57.3

18.4

38.2

Production of goods for own final use

19.1

25.0

22.0

3.4

8.3

5.8

14.3

20.0

17.1

Unpaid domestic services for household members

27.7

82.1

54.6

22.6

79.2

50.1

26.1

81.2

53.2

Unpaid caregiving services for household members

14.4

28.2

21.2

13.2

26.3

19.5

14.0

27.6

20.7

Unpaid volunteer, trainee and other unpaid work

2.8

2.0

2.4

2.5

2.2

2.3

2.7

2.0

2.4

Learning

24.1

19.4

21.8

23.3

20.7

22.0

23.9

19.8

21.9

Socializing and communication, community participation and religious practice

91.7

91.2

91.5

90.6

91.4

91.0

91.4

91.3

91.3

Culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices

87.0

82.2

84.6

92.1

92.7

92.4

88.5

85.3

86.9

Self-care and maintenance

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Note: The estimates have been calculated considering all the activities in a time slot

 

Table 2: Average time (in minutes) spent in a day per participant of age 6 years and above in different activities

all-India

Description of the activity

rural

urban

rural+urban

male

female

person

male

female

person

male

female

person

Employment and related activities

434

317

404

514

375

485

459

333

429

Production of goods for own final use

203

123

158

134

64

85

198

116

151

Unpaid domestic services for household members

98

301

249

94

293

247

97

299

248

Unpaid caregiving services for household members

77

132

113

75

138

116

76

134

114

Unpaid volunteer, trainee and other unpaid work

99

98

98

111

101

106

102

99

101

Learning

422

422

422

435

425

430

426

423

424

Socializing and communication, community participation and religious practice

151

139

145

138

138

138

147

139

143

Culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices

162

157

159

171

181

176

164

165

165

Self-care and maintenance

737

724

731

711

720

715

729

723

726

Note: The estimates have been calculated considering all the activities in a time slot

 

Table 3: Percentage share of total time in different activities in a day per person of age 6 years and above

 

all-India

Description of the activity

rural

urban

rural+urban

male

female

person

male

female

person

male

female

person

Employment and related activities

16.9

4.2

10.6

21.3

4.3

13.1

18.3

4.2

11.4

Production of goods for own final use

2.7

2.2

2.4

0.3

0.3

0.3

1.9

1.6

1.8

Unpaid domestic services for household members

1.9

17.2

9.4

1.5

16.1

8.6

1.7

16.9

9.2

Unpaid caregiving services for household members

0.8

2.6

1.7

0.7

2.5

1.6

0.8

2.6

1.7

Unpaid volunteer, trainee and other unpaid work

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

0.2

0.1

0.1

Learning

7.1

5.7

6.4

7.0

6.1

6.6

7.1

5.8

6.5

Socializing and communication, community participation and religious practice

9.6

8.8

9.2

8.7

8.8

8.8

9.3

8.8

9.0

Culture, leisure, mass-media and sports practices

9.7

9.0

9.4

10.9

11.7

11.3

10.1

9.8

9.9

Self-care and maintenance

51.2

50.3

50.8

49.4

50.0

49.7

50.6

50.2

50.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Note: (i) The estimates have been calculated considering all the activities in a time slot

(ii) Figures may not add up to 100 due to rounding

 

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