Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change

National Clean Air Programme

Posted On: 18 JUL 2022 5:40PM by PIB Delhi

National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) was launched by the Ministry of Environment Forest &Climate Change (MoEF&CC) in January 2019 as a long-term, time-bound, national level strategy making determined efforts to deal with the air pollution problem across the country in a comprehensive manner. The objective of the NCAP is comprehensive mitigation actions for prevention, control and abatement of air pollution.  Measures taken by the government for air quality management are at Annexure I.

Under NCAP, it has been envisaged to achieve targets of 20 to 30 % reduction in Particulate Matter concentration by 2024 across the country. The NCAP is implemented in 132 cities in the country.

There has been an overall improvement in Particulate Matter10 (PM10) concentration in 95 cities including 20 cities conforming to the National Ambient Air Quality Standard in the year 2021-22 as compared to 2017. Details are provided at Annexure II.

NCAP covers Non-Attainment Cities (NACSs) wherein National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) is exceeded for 5 consecutive years. Under NCAP, 124 cities identified as NACs and 8 other million plus cities of Fifteenth Finance Commission- Million Plus Cities Challenge Fund are covered.

Under NCAP, the international organizations have been engaged to provide technical assistance. The details of cities in which international organisations are engaged for technical assistance under NCAP are provided at Annexure III.

Under NCAP, Apex Committee, Steering Committee, Monitoring Committee and Implementation Committee at Central level have been constituted for effective implementation of NCAP. Also Steering Committee and Implementation Committee at State level, and Implementation and Monitoring Committee at City level have been constituted for monitoring of action plans.

This information was given by the Minister of State for Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

 

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Annexure I

 

Measures taken by the Government for Air Quality Management

 

Vehicular Emission

  • Leapfrogging from BS-IV to BS-VI fuel standards since 1st April, 2018 in NCT of Delhi and from 1st April, 2020 for the rest of the country.
  • Introduction of BS VI compliant vehicles across the country since April, 2020.
  • Development of Expressways and Highways to reduce fuel consumption and pollution.
  • Eastern Peripheral Expressway & Western Peripheral Expressway have been operationalized to divert non destined traffic from Delhi.
  • Environment Protection Charges (EPC) have been imposed on diesel vehicles with engine capacity of 2000cc and above in Delhi NCR.
  • Introduction of cleaner/alternate fuels like CNG, LPG, ethanol blending in petrol.
  • Promotion of public transport and improvements in roads and building of more bridges to ease congestion on roads.
  • Network of metro rails for public transport are enhanced and more cities are covered.
  • Ban on 10-year-old diesel vehicles and 15-year-old vehicles in Delhi NCR.
  • Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME) -2 schemes has been rolled out.
  • Permit requirement for electric vehicles has been exempted.
  • Promotion of public transport and improvements in roads and building of more bridges to ease congestion on roads.

 

Industrial Emission

  • Ban on use of pet coke and furnace oil in NCR, use of pet coke in processes in cement plants, lime kilns and calcium carbide manufacturing units.
  • Stringent emission norms for Coal based Thermal Power Plants (TPPs).
  • Shifting of industrial units to PNG/cleaner fuel  in Delhi
  • Installation of online continuous emission monitoring devices in highly polluting industries.
  • Shifting of brick kilns in Delhi-NCR to zigzag technology for reduction of pollution

 

Air Pollution due to Dust and Burning of Waste

  • Notifications of 6 waste management rules covering solid waste, plastic waste, e-waste, bio-medical waste, C&D waste and hazardous waste.
  • Setting up infrastructure such as waste processing plants.
  • Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) for plastic and e-waste management.
  • Ban on burning of biomass/garbage.

 

Monitoring of Ambient Air Quality

  • Expansion of air quality monitoring network of manual as well as continuous monitoring stations under programmes such as National Air Monitoring Programme (NAMP).
  • Initiation of pilot projects to assess alternate ambient monitoring technologies such as low-cost sensors and satellite-based monitoring.

 

Monitoring the Implementation of NCAP

  • Government has launched NCAP as a national level as a national-level strategy outlining the actions for reducing the levels of air pollution at city and regional scales in India. City specific air action plans have been rolled out for implementation in 132 NACs and MPCs
  • Rs. 472.06 crore have been sanctioned to 82 non-attainment cities under NCAP to provide support for critical gap funding. The funds are disbursed based upon the performance of the cities as per the NCAP operational guidelines.
  • Further, 15th Finance Commission (XV-FC) has provided a special grant of Rs 4,400 crore to 42 million plus cities/urban agglomerations which covers 50 Non-Attainment Cities for FY 2020-21.
  • The performance based incentive grant of Rs.12,139 crore for FY 2020-21 to 2025-26 have been allocated for improvement in air quality of 42 million plus cities/urban agglomerations under Million-Plus Cities Challenge Fund (MPCCF). MoEF&CC is the nodal agency for monitoring ambient air quality and recommending DoE for disbursing grants to 42 Million –plus cities.
  • For FY 2021-22 for 42 MPCs, Rs2025 Cr have been released by DoE to 42 cities/UAs on the basis of their performance assessment made by MoEF&CC.
  • City specific action plans are regularly monitored by committees at Central: Apex, Steering, Monitoring and implementation committee; at State: Steering, implementation committee and at City level Implementation and Monitoring Committee.
  • Implementation of Air Quality Early Warning System for Delhi, Kanpur and Lucknow. The system provides alerts for taking timely actions.
  • Public Complaints regarding air pollution issues in Delhi NCR are taken through ‘Sameer App’, ‘Emails’ (Aircomplaints.cpcb[at]gov[dot]in) and ‘Social Media Networks’ (Facebook and Twitter).
  • PRANA a portal for monitoring implementation of NCAP has been launched.

 

Annexure II

Particulate Matter10 (PM10) Concentration in 95 cities

 

States

Sl. No.

Cities

Annual Average concentration of PM10 (µg/m3), CY; Manual data; 132 cities

(2017)

Average concentration of PM10 (µg/m3), FY; Integrated data; 132 cities

(2021-2022)

Andhra Pradesh

1

Anantpur

78

52

Andhra Pradesh

2

Chittur

69

49

Andhra Pradesh

3

Eluru

74

65

Andhra Pradesh

4

Guntur

69

58

Andhra Pradesh

5

Kadapa

74

54

Andhra Pradesh

6

Kurnool

82

61

Andhra Pradesh

7

Nellore

65

55

Andhra Pradesh

8

Ongole

65

52

Andhra Pradesh

9

Rajamahendravaram

65

68

Andhra Pradesh

10

Srikakulam

70

75

Andhra Pradesh

11

Vijayawada

99

67

Andhra Pradesh

12

Visakhapatnam

73

98

Andhra Pradesh

13

Vizhianagaram

72

71

Assam

14

Guwahati

106

103

Assam

15

Nagaon

75

104

Assam

16

Nalbari

95

99

Assam

17

Silchar

49

45

Assam

18

Sivasagar

81

47

Bihar

19

Gaya

77

98

Bihar

20

Muzafarpur

167

153

Bihar

21

Patna

156

145

Chandigarh

22

Chandigarh

109

97

Chattisgarh

23

Durg Bhilainagar

97

58

Chattisgarh

24

Korba

58

61

Chattisgarh

25

Raipur

103

61

Delhi

26

Delhi

241

196

Gujarat

27

Ahmedabad

120

113

Gujarat

28

Rajkot

106

116

Gujarat

29

Surat

106

100

Gujarat

30

Vadodara

108

121

Haryana

31

Faridabad

-

209

Himachal Pradesh

32

Baddi

173

132

Himachal Pradesh

33

Damtal

62

64

Himachal Pradesh

34

Kala Amb

119

114

Himachal Pradesh

35

Nalagarh

147

84

Himachal Pradesh

36

Paonta Sahib

84

90

Himachal Pradesh

37

Parwanoo

65

35

Himachal Pradesh

38

Sunder Nagar

73

47

Jammu&Kashmir

39

Jammu

149

170

Jammu&Kashmir

40

Srinagar

-

105

Jharkhand

41

Dhanbad

238

235

Jharkhand

42

Jamshedpur

131

110

Jharkhand

43

Ranchi

142

110

Karnataka

44

Bengaluru

92

67

Karnataka

45

Devanagere

87

57

Karnataka

46

Gulburga / Kalaburgi

54

84

Karnataka

47

Hubli-Dharwad

79

69

Madhya Pradesh

48

Bhopal

93

116

Madhya Pradesh

49

Dewas

75

81

Madhya Pradesh

50

Gwalior

110

109

Madhya Pradesh

51

Indore

80

103

Madhya Pradesh

52

Jabalpur

74

115

Madhya Pradesh

53

Sagar

69

78

Madhya Pradesh

54

Ujjain

75

114

Maharashtra

55

Akola

127

64

Maharashtra

56

Amravati

106

66

Maharashtra

57

Aurangabad

83

85

Maharashtra

58

Badlapur

159

94

Maharashtra

59

Chandrapur

146

105

Maharashtra

60

Jalgaon

77

59

Maharashtra

61

Jalna

101

93

Maharashtra

62

Kolhapur

90

81

Maharashtra

63

Latur

81

57

Maharashtra

64

Mumbai

151

106

Maharashtra

65

Nagpur

102

68

Maharashtra

66

Nashik

81

59

Maharashtra

67

Navi Mumbai

105

97

Maharashtra

68

Pune

102

85

Maharashtra

69

Sangli

76

60

Maharashtra

70

Solapur

64

60

Maharashtra

71

Thane

125

130

Maharashtra

72

Ulhasnagar

149

77

Maharashtra

73

Vasai Virar

-

171

Meghalaya

74

Byrnihat

174

181

Nagaland

75

Dimapur

138

84

Nagaland

76

Kohima

114

69

Odisha

77

Angul

94

97

Odisha

78

Balasore

83

74

Odisha

79

Bhubneshwar

91

95

Odisha

80

Cuttack

86

90

Odisha

81

Kalinga Nagar

126

114

Odisha

82

Rourkela

117

106

Odisha

83

Talcher

96

81

Punjab

84

Amritsar

168

118

Punjab

85

Dera Baba Nanak

90

71

Punjab

86

DeraBassi

93

98

Punjab

87

Jalandhar

223

129

Punjab

88

Khanna

139

106

Punjab

89

Ludhiana

162

149

Punjab

90

MandiGobindgarh

136

123

Punjab

91

NayaNangal

90

70

Punjab

92

Patiala

101

109

Rajasthan

93

Alwar

134

111

Rajasthan

94

Jaipur

177

125

Rajasthan

95

Jodhpur

180

161

Rajasthan

96

Kota

130

112

Rajasthan

97

Udaipur

126

123

Tamil Nadu

98

Chennai

62

57

Tamil Nadu

99

Madurai

67

53

Tamil Nadu

100

Trichy

86

45

Tamil Nadu

101

Tuticorin

132

91

Telangana

102

Hyderabad

108

88

Telangana

103

Nalgonda

60

70

Telangana

104

Patencheru

78

76

Telangana

105

Sangareddy

79

83

Uttar Pradesh

106

Agra

185

146

Uttar Pradesh

107

Allahabad

140

119

Uttar Pradesh

108

Anpara

153

154

Uttar Pradesh

109

Bareily

195

175

Uttar Pradesh

110

Firozabad

221

137

Uttar Pradesh

111

Gajraula

206

155

Uttar Pradesh

112

Ghaziabad

280

217

Uttar Pradesh

113

Gorakpur

186

122

Uttar Pradesh

114

Jhansi

113

112

Uttar Pradesh

115

Kanpur

224

170

Uttar Pradesh

116

Khurja

208

173

Uttar Pradesh

117

Lucknow

246

148

Uttar Pradesh

118

Meerut

153

186

Uttar Pradesh

119

Moradabad

217

154

Uttar Pradesh

120

Noida

216

203

Uttar Pradesh

121

Raebareli

141

112

Uttar Pradesh

122

Varanasi

244

114

Uttarakhand

123

Dehradun

248

146

Uttarakhand

124

Kashipur

111

119

Uttarakhand

125

Rishikesh

128

117

West Bengal

126

Asansol

163

113

West Bengal

127

Barrackpore

90

85

West Bengal

128

Durgapur

154

168

West Bengal

129

Haldia

97

94

West Bengal

130

Howrah

110

125

West Bengal

131

Kolkata

119

105

West Bengal

132

Raniganj

163

132

 

Annexure III

The details of cities in which international organisations are engaged for technical assistance under NCAP

 

S. No.

State/UT

Cities

 

1

Maharashtra

Mumbai, Pune Nasik, Nagpur, Navi Mumbai, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Badlapur

2

Bihar

Patna, Gaya, Muzzafarpur

3

Gujarat

Surat

4

Punjab

Amritsar

5

Uttar Pradesh

Agra, Lucknow, Kanpur

6

Madhya Pradesh

Indore

7

Delhi & NCR

Delhi, Gurugram

8

Karnataka

Bangalore

HS/PD/IG



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