Ministry of Home Affairs
azadi ka amrit mahotsav g20-india-2023

Development of LWE Affected Areas

Posted On: 20 DEC 2022 5:34PM by PIB Delhi

Giving a reply to a Written Question in the Lok Sabha today, during Question Hour on the question ‘Development of LWE Affected Areas’ the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Nityanand Rai said to address the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) menace holistically, Government of India (GoI) has approved a ‘National Policy and Action Plan to address LWE’ in 2015. This policy envisages a multi-pronged strategy involving security related measures, development interventions, ensuring rights and entitlements of local communities, etc.

Steadfast implementation of this policy has resulted in consistent decline in violence in LWE affected areas. Incidents of LWE violence have reduced by 77 percent from high of 2,213 in 2010 to 509 in 2021. Similarly, resultant deaths (Civilians + Security Forces) have reduced by 85 percent from high of 1,005 in 2010 to 147 in 2021. The declining trend continues in 2022.

Geographical spread of violence has also significantly reduced and only 191 Police Stations of 46 districts reported LWE related violence in 2021 as compared to high of 465 Police Stations of 96 districts in 2010. Decline in geographical spread is also reflected in the reduced number of districts covered under Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme. Number of SRE districts reduced from 126 to 90 in April 2018 and further to 70 in July 2021.            

Similarly, the number of districts contributing approximately 90 percent of the LWE violence, categorised as Most LWE Affected Districts, came down to 30 from 35 in 2018 and further to 25 in 2021. The list of districts covered under SRE scheme is are given below.

Sl. No.

State

No. of District

Districts covered Under SRE Scheme

  1.  

Andhra Pradesh

05

East Godavari, Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagram, West Godavari.

  1.  

Bihar

10

Aurangabad, Banka, Gaya, Jamui, Kaimur, Lakhisarai, Munger, Nawada, Rohtas, West Champaran.

  1.  

Chhattisgarh

14

Balrampur, Bastar, Bijapur, Dantewada, Dhamtari, Gariyaband, Kanker, Kondagaon, Mahasamund,  Narayanpur, Rajnandgaon, Sukma, Kabirdham, Mungeli.

  1.  

Jharkhand

16

Bokaro, Chatra, Dhanbad, Dumka, East Singhbhum, Garhwa, Giridih, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Khunti, Latehar, Lohardaga, Palamu, Ranchi, Saraikela-Kharaswan, West Singhbhum.

  1.  

Madhya Pradesh

03

Balaghat, Mandla, Dindori.

  1.  

Maharashtra

02

Gadchiroli, Gondia.

  1.  

Odisha

10

Bargarh, Bolangir, Kalahandi, Kandhamal, Koraput, Malkangiri, Nabrangpur, Nuapada, Rayagada, Sundergarh.

  1.  

Telangana

06

Adilabad, Bhadradri-Kothagudem, Jayashankar-Bhupalpally, Komaram-Bheem, Mancherial, Mulugu.

  1.  

West Bengal

01

Jhargram.

  1.  

Kerala

03

Malappuram, Palakkad, Wayanad.

 

Total

70

 

 

(c)        On social and economic development front, the Ministry of Home Affairs works in close coordination with other Ministries for optimum implementation of the flagship schemes of those Ministries in LWE affected areas. Apart from the flagship schemes of various ministries, specific schemes have also been implemented for LWE affected areas, wherein special emphasis has been given on expansion of road network, improving telecommunications, educational empowerment and financial inclusion in LWE affected areas.

More than 11,600 km roads have been constructed in LWE affected areas under two specific schemes.

For improving telecommunication connectivity, 2,343 mobile towers have been installed and work order issued for another 2,542. Rs 3105 crore has been released to the Most LWE Affected Districts under ‘Special Central Assistance (SCA)’ scheme to fill critical gaps in public infrastructure and services. Under this scheme, various types of projects have been undertaken like road repair, improvement in health infrastructure, education related projects, rural infrastructure projects etc.

Further towards educational empowerment, 47 Industrial Training Institutes and 68 Skill Development Centers have been approved under “Skill Development Scheme in 47 Districts affected by LWE”.

For financial inclusion, 1,258 Bank Branches, 1,348 ATMs and 22,202 Banking Correspondents have been established in Most LWE Affected Districts and 4,903 Post Offices have been opened in 90 LWE affected districts in the last seven years.           

Details of schemes state wise are as follows:-

1.         Road Requirement Plan-I (RRP-I) in LWE Affected Areas.This Scheme is being implemented through Ministry of Road Transport and Highways for improving road connectivity in LWE affected areas. 5,361 km roads were sanctioned at an estimated cost of ₹ 8,585 crore. Of these, 5,065 km roads have been constructed. State-wise details are given below:-

 

State

Completed Length

 (in km)

Andhra Pradesh /Telangana

617

Bihar

674

Chhattisgarh

1,699

Jharkhand

760

Madhya Pradesh

191

Maharashtra

454

Odisha

603

Uttar Pradesh

67

Total

5,065

 

2.         Road Connectivity Project for LWE Affected Areas (RCPLWEA). This Scheme is being implemented through Ministry of Rural Development. 12,100 km roads with an estimated cost of Rs 12,021 crore have been sanctioned. Of these 6,561 km of road have been completed. State-wise details are given below:-

State

Completed Length (in km)

Andhra Pradesh

925

Bihar

1425

Chhattisgarh

1700

Jharkhand

1178

Madhya Pradesh

49

Maharashtra

247

Odisha

371

Telangana

301

Uttar Pradesh

365

Total

6,561

 

3.         Skill Development Scheme in 47 districts affected by LWEThis scheme envisages creation of Skill Development infrastructure in LWE affected districts. Initially, 34 districts were covered with 34 Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) (one ITI per district) and 68 Skill Development Centers (SDCs) (2 SDCs per district). In 2016, 13 new ITIs in 13 new districts were added to cover all the then Most affected districts totalling to 47 ITIs & 68 SDCs, with an estimated cost of Rs 407.85 crore. Of these 43 ITIs and 38 SDCs are functional.  State-wise details are given below:-

State

ITIs

SDCs

Functional

Functional

Andhra

Pradesh

01

-

Bihar

09

-

Chhattisgarh

09

14

Jharkhand

16

09

Madhya

Pradesh

01

02

Odisha

05

10

Telangana

-

02

Uttar

Pradesh

01

01

West

Bengal

01

-

Total

43

38

 

4.         Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRSs).This scheme is being implemented through Ministry of Tribal Affairs. Out of the total 245 EMRSs sanctioned for LWE affected areas,103 EMRSs have been sanctioned during the last 3 years itself in comparison to 142 sanctioned during the 21-year period prior to that. Till date, 245 EMRSs have been sanctioned in erstwhile 90 (till June 2021) LWE affected districts. State-wise details are given below:-

 

States

Approved/Sanctioned

Functional

Andhra Pradesh

24

24

Bihar

03

-

Chattisgarh

44

44

Jharkhand

78

05

Kerala

02

02

Madhya Pradesh

07

07

Maharashtra

09

08

Odisha

64

18

Telangana

12

12

Uttar Pradesh

01

-

West Bengal

01

01

Total

245

121

 

5.         Mobile Connectivity Project in LWE Affected Districts. 2,343 mobile towers were installed under Phase-I of this Project with an expenditure of Rs.4080.78 crore.  In April 2022, Union Cabinet approved up-gradation of these 2G sites to 4G. Work for upgradation has been awarded in November 2022. Under Phase-II of this Project, work order for installation of 2542 mobile towers has also been issued. State Wise details are as under:-

 

State

Phase-I

Phase-II

Mobile Towers Installed

Work Order Issued

Andhra Pradesh

62

346

Bihar

250

16

Chhattisgarh

525

971

Jharkhand

816

450

Madhya Pradesh

22

23

Maharashtra

65

125

Odisha

256

483

Telangana

173

53

Uttar Pradesh

78

42

West Bengal

96

33

TOTAL

2343

2542

 

6.         Banking Outlets and Post Office In Most LWE Affected Districts. Details of Banking Outlets and Post Offices opened in LWE Affected Districts are as under:-

 

State

Bank Touch Points in 30 most LWE Affected Districts

(01.04.2015 to 30.04.2022)

Bank Branches

ATMs

Banking Correspondents

Andhra Pradesh

150

339

2099

Bihar

144

45

4011

Chhattisgarh

260

231

3826

Jharkhand

421

446

9716

Maharashtra

79

44

587

Odisha

49

95

1144

Telangana

155

148

819

Total

1258

1348

22202

 

POST OFFICES IN 32 LWE AFFECTED DISTRICTS

 

State

Total

Phase-I

(Feb2017 to April2019)

Phase-II

(2021-22)

Andhra Pradesh

307

95

187

Bihar

230

50

180

Chhattisgarh

1224

740

391

Jharkhand

999

654

244

Madhya Pradesh

511

0

511

Maharashtra

675

142

687

Odisha

247

40

272

Telangana

486

68

418

Uttar Pradesh

224

0

224

Total

4903

1789

3114

 

7.         SCA Scheme. Details of SCA fundsallotted to States are as under:-

 

State

Funds Released (Rs Crore)

Andhra Pradesh

92.58

Bihar

439.15

Chhattisgarh

834.81

Jharkhand

1308.12

Maharashtra

65.83

Odisha

234.33

Telangana

105.92

Madhya Pradesh

22.50

Kerala

2.50

Total

3105.74

 

 

*****

NW/RK/RR/2190



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