Ministry of Power

Utilization of Hydro Power Potential - 42104.6 MW (29%) out of 145320 MW developed and 15023.5 MW (10.3%) is under construction

Posted On: 21 MAR 2023 7:37PM by PIB Delhi

As per the Reassessment Study carried out by the Central Electricity Authority (CEA) during 1978-1987, the assessed hydro power potential in the country is about 145320 MW (for projects with capacity above 25 MW). Presently, 42104.6 MW (29%) out of 145320 MW has been developed and 15023.5 MW (10.3%) is under construction. The state wise hydro power potential and its status of development are attached at Annexure.

As per reports of International Hydropower Association (IHA), USA has developed more than 80% of its hydro power potential and EU has developed more than 70% of its hydro power potential.

The main challenges in development of hydroelectric potential in the country are remote location, unpredictable geology, natural calamities, environment and forest issues, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R) issues, law & order issues and inter-state issues

The Government has undertaken a number of policy initiatives to enhance the hydro power generation in the country, including in Andhra Pradesh, which are, inter alia, as under:

    1. Declaring Large Hydro Power (> 25 MW projects) as Renewable Energy source.
    2. Provision of Hydro Purchase Obligation (HPO) as a separate entity within Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO).
    3. Notification of tariff rationalization measures to bring down hydro power tariff.
    4. Provision of budgetary support for cost of Enabling Infrastructure, i.e. roads/bridges and Flood Moderation.
    5. Notification of a “Dispute Avoidance Mechanism” through 'Independent Engineer’ and “Dispute Resolution Mechanism” through “Conciliation Committee of Independent Experts (CCIE)” to expeditiously and effectively address contractual disputes.
    6. Notification of guidelines to reduce the incidence of time and cost over-run in Hydro Power Projects
    7. Waiver of Inter State Transmission System (ISTS) charges on transmission of electricity generated from new Hydro Electric Projects

 

ANNEXURE

Status of Hydro Electric Power Potential and Development (above 25 MW, as on 28.02.23)

 

Region/ State

Identified Capacity (reassessment study)

Capacity in operation

Capacity under construction

NORTHERN

(MW)

(MW)

%

(MW)

(%)

Jammu & Kashmir

11567

3360.0

29.0

3099.5

26.8

Ladakh

2046

89.0

4.3

0.0

0.0

Himachal Pradesh

18470

10263.0

55.6

2490.0

13.5

Punjab

971

1096.3

100.0

206.0

21.2

Haryana

64

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Rajasthan

483

411.0

85.1

0.0

0.0

Uttarakhand

17998

3975.4

22.1

1571.0

8.7

Uttar Pradesh

664

501.6

75.5

0.0

0.0

Sub Total (NR)

52263

19696.3

37.7

7366.5

14.1

WESTERN

 

 

 

 

 

Madhya Pradesh

1970

2235.0

100.0

400.0

20.3

Chhattisgarh

2202

120.0

5.4

0.0

0.0

Gujarat

590

550.0

100.0

0.0

0.0

Maharashtra

3314

2647.0

79.9

0.0

0.0

Goa

55

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Sub total (WR)

8131

5552.0

68.3

400.0

4.9

SOUTHERN

 

 

 

 

 

Andhra Pradesh

3261

1610.0

49.4

960.0

29.4

Telangana

1099

800.0

72.8

0.0

0.0

Karnataka

6459

3689.2

57.1

0.0

0.0

Kerala

3378

1864.2

55.2

140.0

4.1

Tamil Nadu

1693

1778.2

100.0

0.0

0.0

Sub Total (SR)

15890

9741.6

61.3

1100.0

6.9

EASTERN

 

 

 

 

 

Jharkhand

582

210.0

36.1

0.0

0.0

Bihar

40

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Odisha

2981

2154.6

72.3

0.0

0.0

West Bengal

2829

441.2

15.6

120.0

4.2

Sikkim

4248

2282.0

53.7

1037.0

24.4

Sub Total (ER)

10680

5087.8

47.6

1157.0

10.8

NORTH EASTERN

 

 

 

 

 

Meghalaya

2298

322.0

14.0

0.0

0.0

Tripura

0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Manipur

1761

105.0

6.0

0.0

0.0

Assam

650

350.0

53.8

120.0

18.5

Nagaland

1452

75.0

5.2

0.0

0.0

Arunachal Pradesh

50064

1115.0

2.2

4880.0

9.7

Mizoram

2131

60.0

2.8

0.0

0.0

Sub Total (NER)

58356

2027.0

3.5

5000.0

8.6

ALL INDIA

145320

42104.6

29.0

15023.5

10.3

 

In addition to above 8 Pumped Storage Projects (PSPs) having capacities of 4745.6 MW are under operation and 4 PSPs having a capacity of 2780 MW are under construction.

 

This information was given by the Union Minister of Power Sh. R.K. Singh in the Rajya Sabha Today.

*******

AM/DK



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